The word “bank” is borrowed from Italian, it means “table” or “shop”. In Italy, money changers laid out money in various cities and countries for exchange. Later money changers took money from merchants to save money, and also used their own funds to issue loans and receive interest.
Although Switzerland is currently the country of banks, the first bank was founded in Venice around 1584. This was due to maritime trade routes passing there.
The oldest existing bank is the Italian credit company Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena. It was founded by the General Council of the Republic of Siena to provide loans to the poor. Now it is one of the largest banks in Italy, with more than two thousand branches, including abroad.
The largest bank robbery occurred in 2003. Shortly before the start of the Iraq war, about $ 1 billion was stolen from a state bank. There is a version that the money was stolen by order of Saddam Hussein.
The world’s first ATM was opened in England in 1967. But he did not work with plastic cards, but with vouchers that had to be received in advance at the bank. The creator of the ATM John Sheppard-Baron decided to invent a machine for issuing cash after seeing a chocolate vending machine.
In the capital of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, there is a special women’s bank. Only women work in this bank, and only women are served there too. The Bank allows women to take an active part in the country’s economy without violating the norms of Islam.
From the mid-twentieth century, several Italian banks began to issue loans to cheese makers on the security of Parmesan cheese. Heads of cheese, which ripen for two or three years, the bank puts in a special room. And if the loan is not returned, the bank puts the cheese on sale.
Not so long ago, the Swiss bank Kartonal conducted an audit of deposits that had not been sought after by recipients for a long time, and found an open account in the name of Vladimir Ulyanov. The account was 13 francs – about 270 rubles.
In South Africa, ATM hacking occurs very often, so Absa Bank has gone to extreme measures to preserve its property and funds. The ATMs were mounted pepper spray, which worked when trying to break. Unfortunately, there have been cases of triggering of the protective system in random passers-by.